Sunday, 25 December 2016
Doctrinal Disagreements About What Exists
Reality transcends words and concepts.
"Soul" means spirit, an immaterial substance that is the perennial subject of consciousness.
Philosophically, "matter" means just whatever exists independently of consciousness.
Idealist philosophies deny matter in that sense.
"Matter" also means tangible mass as opposed to any other form of energy.
The most fundamental ontological category in Buddhist teaching is "emptiness," a perennial process, not a substance.
Every individual subject or object of consciousness is "empty" because it is a transient interaction, lacking any permanent underlying substance.
The category, "substance," might be denied to particular entities but affirmed of the totality? Interactions might be between substantial particles or other fundamental entities?
However, physicists envisage a vacuum full of energy. See here.
"Energy" implies dynamic potential whereas "substance" implies mere passive existence and inertia.
However, both energy and inertia, or change and resistance to change, are necessary for existence. See here.
Some energy condenses into mass, thus into "substance."
Energy preexisted mass, is invisible and omnipresent and becomes self-conscious through conscious organisms.
Therefore, energy has some of the features anciently attributed to soul or spirit.